7. Democracy, Prosperity and War at the EU Borderlines: current threats and future challenges

Chair: Roberto Di Quirico (University of Cagliari)
Discussants: Elena Baracani (University of Bologna)

Date: Friday 26th June 2015
Room: Sala ISR (1st floor)

----------------------------------------

Through the launch of the European Neighbourhood Policy in 2004, Brussels devised a single framework to guide its policies and promote its norms to partner countries in both the Eastern and Southern borders. Yet, country and region-specific developments changed incentives and options for both Brussels and EU member states. Since the mid-2000s, and most remarkably during the last two years, the EU foreign policy in former Soviet countries started to collide with a renewed Russian ambition to control its former area of influence. Curbing the post-Arab Spring hopes, renewed waves of violent extremism and global terrorism have plagued the wider Mediterranean, forcing the EU to adapt to constantly evolving developments, most of which have led many to seriously question its policies with the Mediterranean partners. These dramatic changes in domestic and international politics at the EU borders redefine many research questions on regime transition, economic diplomacy and on the broader impact of EU foreign policy.

The proposed panel aims at critically analysing the relationship between militarized violence (potential or actual), economic partnerships and processes of political transition in the Eastern and Southern EU neighbouring partners. Will democratization proceed or retreat in countries that are subject to both EU and Russian leverage? How should the EU devise a deepened dialogue with key partners in the Mediterranean to counter violent extremism and prevent a further spread of global terrorism?  What role does violence play in the political evolution of these regions? How do ethno-political separatism and radicalization of violent extremism represent a further challenge for the affected countries and for the EU? These issues of domestic and international politics will be tackled as connected matters, with a specific interest in exploring the interactions between domestic and international dynamics, to pursue a fruitful dialogue between Comparative politics and International relations.

 ----------------------------------------

Papers: 

Democracy Promotion in between rhetoric and practice: Turkish Foreign Policy in Post-Arab Spring Era
Merve Calimli (University of Bologna and Istanbul Bilgi University)

EU Democracy Promotion Policy after the Arab Spring: the case of Tunisia
Giulia Cimini (University of Naples “L’Orientale”)

Avoiding Famine: The Experiences of Somalia, Sudan and Political instability in Northern Africa
Giampiero Giacomello and Gianluca Parodi (University of Bologna)

The European Challenge. EU transformative power and democratization in post-Soviet countries
Roberto Di Quirico (University of Cagliari) and Elena Baracani (University of Bologna)