4. East Asia goes West between geopolitical transformations and political turmoil
Chair: Sergio Miracola (IMT Lucca)
Among those geographical regions that are witnessing a great political transformation both at the state and social level there are Central and South Asia. One of the central components that characterizes them is the increasing political fragmentation that goes along with the process of regional integration. These two contradicting forces are conditioning today’s state relations, strategic affairs, and social conditions. Because of its proximity to the other crucial region in the world – the Far East – this panel would investigate how the latter is establishing its political, economic, security, and social ties with the two regions. Understanding how they interact is fundamental, since its effects are already felt as far as Europe.
The idea of this panel, therefore, is to discuss – theoretically – two levels of analysis: one is concerned with the state to state relations (broadly defined, ranging from economy to security issues), while the second level is concerned with the attention that several countries have dedicated to the fight of terrorism and social instability at different levels of operation. For example, for what concerns the first type of engagement, it would be relevant to broadly discuss the regional integration projects that would inevitably influence the political and social trajectory of the regional actors involved. The One Belt One Road Initiative, promoted by China in 2013, represents a crucial focal point of investigation, since it would likely reshape the economic, geopolitical, and security issues of the regions involved. At the same time, connected to this project, the second level of analysis would also discuss how the new non-state actors are exploiting these infrastructural projects as well as state weaknesses to advance their political agendas around Central, South Asia, and beyond.